Pregnancy 4 Months

Pregnancy 4 Months

Pregnancy 4 Months

Pregnancy 4 months marks the beginning of the second trimester and brings a more positive and optimistic attitude for the mother. The most unpleasant pregnancy symptoms are gone, and the pregnant woman is more confident, has more energy, is no longer embarrassed of showing her belly and doesn’t experience mood swings as often as before.

Most women experience  the baby’s first movements  between pregnancy weeks 14 and pregnancy week 17, and weight gain is more noticeable than in previous months. Still, the future boy or girl is not fully developed, and his organs aren’t mature yet.

Symptoms of Pregnancy in Pregnancy 4 Months

As the uterus enlarges, breathing difficulties are experienced in pregnancy 4 months and doing physical activities or taking care of household chores becomes more tiring than before. The pressure on the lower body increases so hemorrhoids may appear as a result of prolonged sitting. Constipation, increased blood pressure, legs aches and swelling, back pain, food cravings are likely to appear.

Due to the increasing blood supply inside your body, heart pumps faster than usually and kidneys have to deal with a larger urine production so you’ll feel like going to the toilet more often starting with this month.

Your Baby’s Growth in Pregnancy 4 Months

The baby growth during pregnancy 4 months is in an exciting stage now. Your baby measures 14 cm and weights 170 grams. His body is covered with fine and short hairs called lanugo, and his facial features are very humanly looking now, eyes being in the normal position, mouth and ears fully developed and the tiny nose in its normal place. Eyelashes, brows, eyelids are fully formed, and the baby is spending most of his time tasting and swallowing the fluid inside the amniotic sac.

His reflexes are better now and his reproductive system is more active in producing cells. Also, the placenta reached maturity and does a great job in oxygenating and nourishing the baby’s body. Bones continue to enlarge and strengthen, lungs start maturing and producing a substance that will make breathing possible once the baby gets outside the uterus, and your little one’s retina becomes sensitive to light.

Your Body in Pregnancy 4 Months

The Pregnancy month by month symptoms are more evident as compare to previous months. The skin’s pigmentation changes starting with pregnancy 4 months and darker spots appear on face, neck and chest. Nipples get larger and darker, stretch marks on breasts, belly and buttocks become more visible, calves look heavier, and legs are so swollen that you may have to go form a bigger shoes size quite soon.  Back is still painful and your chubbier silhouette is 7-9 pounds heavier than it was 4 months ago.

You may be excited about your new bra size, but you surely won’t find your waistline so attractive anymore. However, remember that excess weight gain is simple to prevent by exercising daily, following a healthy diet based on vitamins, proteins, fibers, minerals and good fats and by keeping stress levels at a minimum.

Your Emotions – What You may be Feeling in Pregnancy 4 Months

Emotionally, things aren’t very stable yet but as soon as you’ll feel the baby’s first kicks you’ll become more comfortable with your rounder belly and chubbier figure. The not-so-round tummy may cause second thoughts, depression and embarrassment as you may start feeling frumpy and fat instead of pregnant and proud of it. Buying some maternity clothes and talking with your friends about pregnancy may help get rid of negative thoughts.

You may find it difficult to take a decision by yourself and may need more support from your partner. But it’s normal to feel dependent and want to share with him everything you’re going through. So instead of blaming yourself for the lack of sexual desire and for not feeling attractive anymore, you should simply enjoy the new reality and be grateful for the wonderful experience you’re given, as a couple.

Appointment with Your Doctor – What You can Expect in Pregnancy 4 Months Checkup

For the 4th month of pregnancy, checkups should concentrate not only on urine and blood tests taken for verifying the levels of proteins, sugar and bacteria but also on detecting potential nutritional deficiencies which may lead to anemia and other health issues. Iron and magnesium deficiencies are quite often present in pregnancy 4 months, so the obstetrician may recommend you to adapt your diet and eating habits to your body’s new state and needs.

A glucose screening for eliminating the incertitude regarding the risk of developing diabetes while pregnant is done this month. Blood test for hepatitis B will be done if not already taken. Also, between pregnancy week 16 and week 18, an alpha-fetoprotein test (AFP) should be done as this is very important for detecting potential neural tube defects.

Some doctors recommend taking an amniocentesis test as well, this exam serving for genetic disorders detection. However, the test is often linked with unpleasant side effects, so it’s up to you to decide whether you want to do it or not.

A Doppler taken this month will detect your baby’s heartbeat, this being one of the most touching experiences for moms-to-be. Make sure your partner has the opportunity of hearing and watching his baby during these exams as well – it’s not only you who’s expecting this child with excitement and anxiety!

If you’re excited about your pregnancy and want to learn more on your pregnancy 4 months, make sure you take the time to read our other articles on pregnancy month by month symptoms, pregnancy week by week and trimesters of pregnancy and baby growth during pregnancy

Last reviewed on 21/01/2013

References

  • NHS – The Pregnancy Book
  • Pregnancy and birth sourcebook : basic consumer health information about pregnancy and fetal development … / edited by Amy L. Sutton. — 3rd ed. (Omnigraphics, Inc.)
  • The New Art and Science of Pregnancy and Childbirth (World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.)
  • Prescribing in Pregnancy (Fourth edition) Edited by Peter Rubin and Margaret Ramsay (Blackwell Publishing)
  • Dewhurst’s Textbook Of Obstetrics & Gynaecology (Seventh Edition)Edited By D. Keith Edmonds Ramsay (Blackwell Publishing)
  • Textbook of Diabetes and Pregnancy (Second Edition) Edited by Moshe Hod MD / Lois Jovanovic MD / Gian Carlo Di Renzo MD PhD / Alberto de Leiva MD PhD / Oded Langer MD PhD  (Informa UK Ltd)
  • Management of High-Risk Pregnancy An Evidence-Based Approach (Fifth Edition) Edited By John T. Queenan / Catherine Y. Spong / Charles J. Lockwood (Blackwell Publishing)
  • WHO-2000-Managing Complications in Pregnancy Childbirth A Guide for Midwives Doctors
  • Management of Common Problems in Obstetrics and Gynecology Edited By T. Murphy Goodwin MD / Martin N. Montoro MD /  Laila I. Muderspach MD /  Richard J. Paulson MD /  Subir Roy MD (Wiley-Blackwell)
  • WHO  – Managing Complications in Pregnancy and Childbirth: A guide for midwives and doctors
  • Mood and Anxiety Disorders During Pregnancy and Postpartum Edited By Lee S. Cohen, M.D./ Ruta M. Nonacs, M.D., Ph.D.  (American Psychiatric Publishing)
  • Maternal-Fetal Nutrition during Pregnancy and Lactation  Editors  Michael E. Symonds and Margaret M. Ramsay (CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS)
  • Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies (fifth edition)  Steven G. Gabbe, MD /  Jennifer R. Niebyl, MD /  Joe Leigh Simpson, MD (MOSBY)

Web References

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